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Chlorine is one of the top 10 manufactured chemicals in the United States. It is produced commercially by electrolysis of sodium chloride brine and used as a disinfectant and found in many household cleaning products. It is the basis for most common bleaches.
Chloramine is a combination of chlorine and ammonia. Many water agencies refer to chloramine as monochloramine. According to the world health organization monochloramine is less effective than chlorine for the inactivation of E. Coli and rotaviruses.
According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), chlorine levels of four parts per million or below in drinking water—whether from a private well or municipal reservoir—are acceptable from a human health standpoint.
How Does Chlorine Impact My Plants?
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention tells us plants are not harmed by water treated with chlorine. Most of us have been watering our plants with chlorinated water for years and they survive.
How Does Chlorine Impact the Soil?
Chlorine kills some of the microbes in your soil. Colorado’s state extension service tells us chlorinated drinking water may kill a number of microorganisms in soil or a compost pile. However, their reproduction rate is so rapid that populations rebound in a short time. In one study, researchers continuously applied highly chlorinated water to soil for 126 days. Two days after they stopped, the soil microorganism populations reached pre-treatment levels at all depths of soil.